To get two full-fledged harvests from the Caramelka raspberry variety, gardeners need to work hard. Care consists in increased watering and feeding. In autumn, it is advisable to protect the ripening crop with a covering material. Due to two blooms per season, prevention should be chosen to fight diseases and pests and not abuse chemicals. The second crop does not ripen in all regions and not every year.
Caramel - remontant raspberry. It got its name for its very sweet taste and pronounced aroma of forest raspberries. The variety was bred at the breeding station of Nizhny Novgorod, first appeared in retail in 2015. Many gardeners are familiar with the Nizhegorodets variety, but it receives skeptical reviews about the taste - the berries are not sweet enough. The breeders decided to correct the defect and created Caramel by crossing Nizhegorodets and super-sweet and aromatic donors. Variety tests were carried out in the middle lane.
Repaired varieties differ from ordinary ones in their ability to bear fruit not only on two-year-old, but also on annual shoots. Raspberries give two harvests a year: the first in the summer and the second in the fall.
Berry Caramel cone-shaped, elongated, large
Berry Caramel is not only tasty, but also beautiful - red, has the shape of an elongated cone. The maximum weight of one is 12 g, the average is 6 g, the yield of 1 bush is 5 kg. The pulp is juicy, the drupes are firmly connected, the raspberry lags well behind the stalk, transportable. The beginning of ripening falls on the end of July or the beginning of August, before frosts (September-October) Caramel manages to give 90% of the second harvest.
The caramel bush does not fall apart, the shoots are erect, fruitful
Caramel shoots are weakly spiked, erect, 1.5 m high, can be grown without trellises. The variety is suitable for both industrial and private cultivation. As a result of the active formation of shoots, a fruit wall is created already in the first year, the next year after planting, a commercial crop can be harvested.
|Productive, quickly pays for itself in industrial cultivation||New variety, seedlings are difficult to find, expensive|
|Raspberry sweet, aromatic, large||Gives a lot of growth|
|Transportable berries||The second crop often does not have time to ripen|
|The first harvest ripens in the year of planting, then gives two harvests per summer|
Caramel can be planted both in spring (from April to mid-May) and in autumn (after September 15). The culture is very tenacious, quickly assimilated in a new place and starts to grow. When planted in spring, the first berries will ripen in the same year. Traditionally, raspberries are grown along fences or walls, on the south side. That is, shelters are needed that protect the landings from the wind, but not from the sun. You can't get a good harvest in the shade, in spring the soil thaws there for a long time, in summer rainwater stagnates. As a result, the roots rot, the plants suffer from fungal diseases.
Raspberries in one place can grow for 10-12 years.
The plot for the raspberry tree is dug up and fertilized six months before the planting of seedlings: in the fall, if a spring planting is planned, and in the spring for autumn rooting. 2–3 buckets of compost or humus, 50–60 g of superphosphate and 30–40 g of potassium fertilizer are applied per 1 m². On heavy clay soils, 0.5 buckets of coarse-grained river sand are also added to fertilizers. Raspberries love air-permeable, loose soils, on which there is no waterlogging.
High-quality caramel seedlings have a fibrous root and rudiments of young shoots
Spring planting of the mother liquor Caramel
With a shortage of planting material, large aerial raspberry shoots can be cut off, divided into cuttings, each dipped in Kornevin or another biostimulant and planted in a moist substrate
|Watering time||Watering rate|
|In the budding phase||20 l for 1 running. m|
|During the period of ovary growth|
|After the first harvest|
|At the beginning of the second budding|
|Charge watering in dry autumn (October)||100 l per m²|
In fact, the amount of watering depends on the weather conditions. If it rains, the soil is moistened to a depth of 35 cm, then watering is not necessary. There are two ways to "water" raspberries: by sprinkling and in furrows. The first method is convenient only for the gardener, and for the plant it is an extra contact of the crown with moisture, the creation of favorable conditions for the development of fungal diseases, irregular watering, the risk of waterlogging of the soil. It is much more efficient and beneficial to water in the furrow. For this, grooves 10–15 cm deep are dug along the rows of raspberries, filled with water, allowed to soak and covered with dry soil.
It is possible to loosen the raspberry tree only in the aisles, since in the first year the space between the bushes in the rows will be filled with young growth. But you can free yourself from loosening and even from weeding if you mulch the soil with a thick layer of sawdust, hay, mowed grass, etc.
Furrows are made along the rows of raspberries. They are fertilized and watered, then the furrows are covered with dry soil.
|Terms of introduction||How to feed||Method and application rates|
|In early spring, through the melted snow, while there are still puddles||15 g urea and a glass of ash||scatter dry for 1 rm. m|
|In the spring, when the soil dries up (first loosening)||25 ml Rost-Concentrate for 10 l of water||1 bucket for 1 running. m|
|Budding period||30 g nitroammophoska||scatter on 1 rm. m and immediately spill with water|
|Second half of summer, after harvest||30-40 g superphosphate and 30-40 g potassium fertilizer||in dry form, distribute 1 rm. m and spill with water|
To obtain two full-fledged harvests, Caramel needs to be well fertilized. Raspberries of the first year, if the soil was well filled before planting, do not feed. All subsequent years, plants need nutrients. Fans of organic farming can replace the mineral fertilizing of the first half of summer with infusions of bird droppings (1:20) or mullein (1:10), and after harvesting the summer harvest, water the bushes with infusion of grass with ash. In the fall, raspberries are mulched with humus.
Recipe for herbal infusion: fill a barrel with grass (mainly nettle), fill it with water, add 1 liter of ash to each bucket of water and leave for a week. For feeding, dilute 1 liter of infusion in 5 liters of water.
Throughout the summer, shoots are removed that grow in the aisles (on paths), as well as excess shoots in the rows (thin, curved, rubbing against each other). When pruning, the shoots must not be pulled out of the ground or dug up; they must be carefully trimmed at the root (without hemp above the ground). In the fall, pruning is done in two ways.
Autumn pruning, if the second crop does not ripen, and it is planned to get only one - summer:
Autumn pruning, if you plan to get two crops:
In the second method, you will also need spring, sanitary pruning, during which you need to remove all frozen and broken stems.
If Caramel is cut off at the root in the fall, then it does not need shelter for the winter, since only the root system remains on the site, protected by a layer of soil and mulch. If annual shoots are left, then the preparation for the winter of the remontant variety does not differ from the preparation of the usual one. Before the onset of frost (until they become brittle), the shoots must be bent as close to the ground as possible so that in winter they are completely under the snow. The stems are tilted towards each other, pinned to the ground with metal brackets, pressed down with boards and bricks, tied together, etc.
|Disease||Symptoms||Methods of prevention and treatment|
|Gray rot||The most common strawberry disease also affects raspberries. The symptoms are especially pronounced on berries. First, they are covered with a brown expanding heel, then a gray coating appears. The development of the fungus is facilitated by high humidity and thickened plantings.|
|Purple spot||Purple spots appear on the shoots, they grow, darken at the edges to a reddish-brown color. In the center of the spots, black dots are formed - pycnidia. The surface of the shoot is cracked, buds are not formed in these places.|
|Late blight||In the spring, the buds do not open, the lateral shoots and shoots wither, the tops are bent in the form of a hook. Leaves turn yellow in summer. The bases of two-year-old shoots turn brown and crack. Nourishing roots die, and those preserved on the cut have a brown color.|
|Rolling the leaves||The most common ailment of remontant raspberries. Leaves curl from lack of moisture and nutrition. If the edges of the leaves are curled down, there is not enough potassium and boron. Also, twisting is one of the symptoms of the fungal disease anthracnose.|
|Anthracnose (leaf perforation)||The leaves are covered with gray growing spots with a red rim, these places dry out and crumble, forming a hole. Leaves curl and dry out. The surface of the stems is cracked. Berries, not having time to ripen, are deformed and turn black.||Treat with one of the preparations: Topaz (2 ml per 10 l of water), Bordeaux liquid (300 g per 10 l of water), Nitrafen (300 g of paste per 10 l of water), Zircon (15 drops per 10 l).|
All fungal diseases develop in a humid environment, thickened plantings, on weak under-fed and under-watered plants. Caramel must be well maintained: do not overmoisten the crown, do not skip top dressing, weed out weeds, cut out excess growth.
|Pest||Description||How to fight|
|Raspberry beetle||A 4 mm long gray-brown beetle emerges from hibernation in mid-May. First, it feeds on weeds, then flies to raspberries, eats flowers, lays eggs on young leaves, flowers, ovaries. Larvae with a brown head and a light body climb into the berries, feed on the pulp and fruit.|
|Strawberry-raspberry weevil||A dark gray beetle with a long proboscis gnaws at the buds and lays eggs in them. The hatched larvae (white with yellow heads) eat the contents of the bud. In mid-July, they turn into beetles and move on to feed on leaves.|
|Aphids||Small green insects live in groups, feed on the sap of leaves and young shoots. They attract ants, which carry them around the site. Aphids do not bring much visible harm to raspberries, but they are carriers of dangerous viral diseases.|
Raspberry harvesting is carried out as the harvest ripens. Ideally, every 2-3 days. Then the ripe berries will not overripe, crumble, and most importantly - take away the strength that is needed to increase the mass of the following berries. So that the second crop of Caramel has time to fully ripen, the bushes are covered with agrofibre and other blown covering materials.
The berries are harvested in dry and sunny weather. Shallow baskets, boxes, boxes, disposable plastic containers are used for storage and transportation. Raspberries are laid out in them in a thin layer so that they do not wrinkle under their own weight.Caramel has a universal purpose. It is good for fresh consumption, making aromatic jam, juice, compote. The berries are dried and frozen. After defrosting, Caramel keeps its shape, does not give juice. It can also be kept fresh in the refrigerator, but no more than 1-2 days.
Caramel berries are collected in small and shallow containers
A big plus of Caramel is the harvest on annual shoots. When grown for only one crop, the entire raspberry root is cut and burnt in the fall. It is a very effective pest and disease control. To obtain two harvests, you will have to water and feed more often than ordinary raspberries, and in the fall, selective pruning and shelter for the winter is required.
This variety was created on the basis of two varieties: Kokinbrodskaya and Novost Kuzmina. Registered in the State Register in 2008.
Repaired raspberries are a group of varieties that bear fruit not only on biennial, but also on annual shoots.
The bush is powerful, from 1.6 to 1.9 m high. Lateral shoots, usually no more than 8 (two at each node), are omitted, this makes the plant look like a Christmas tree. There are few thorns and they are soft, the leaves are large, crossed by folds, dark green, with a carved edge. Little root growth is formed, so raspberries will not creep over the site.
The fruits of the Bryanskoe Divo variety are cone-shaped, dense, sweet
The berries are cone-shaped, the drupes are red, tight and do not crumble. Fruit sizes vary from 6 g to a record 11 g. The average cone length is 3 cm. The taste is closer to sweet, with an unobtrusive sourness.
The Bryansk miracle is sometimes mistakenly called the Bryansk miracle.
Tall bush of raspberries Bryansk miracle gives a bountiful harvest
|Evaluation criterion||Benefits of the variety||Disadvantages of the variety|
|Bush||Erect, high.||In strong winds, the bush may fall, support is needed.|
|Berry||Large, dense, does not flow when picked, does not bake in the sun.||With an excess of sun and a lack of watering, the fruits become smaller and change shape to round. With a lack of light, sugar content decreases.|
|Agrotechnics||Good survival rate of seedlings in most regions of Russia, early fruiting.||The small number of shoots complicates the propagation of the plantation.|
|Pests and diseases||Resistant to didimella, anthracnose. With proper care, pests do not appear.||With high humidity, fungal diseases develop.|
|Climatic resistance||Frost resistant (down to –24 ° C).||Moisture-loving, does not tolerate drought.|
|Harvesting||Good transportability, implementation period up to five days.||No flaws.|
The Brusvyana variety can be grown on almost any soil and in all climatic conditions, while the yield does not decrease.
When choosing raspberry seedlings, you need to pay attention to the shoot and the root system. It is important that the future bush does not have traces of disease and decay.
Raspberry seedlings must be strong, with a developed root system
For landing, you should choose a flat, calm, well-lit place. Growing in the shade, the shoots will not bear fruit. Groundwater should not be located close to the ground. The bush will take root well on light and slightly acidic soil. The southern side of the site will contribute to the accumulation of heat, protection from cold winds. Accordingly, the plant will give the first harvest earlier, and you will have time to harvest the second before the onset of frost.
Raspberries are planted in early spring (April) and mid-autumn (October). If the seedlings grew in a nursery in a container, then planting can be carried out at any time of the year.
The repair variety has a more extensive root system that is located deep in the soil. This must be taken into account when digging land for planting. Dig up the soil as deep as possible, removing perennial weeds.
When planting, leave a distance of at least 90 cm between the bushes, 1.5 m between the rows.
It is recommended to plant seedlings at least 15–20 cm in length in the ground.
By the end of the first year, the seedling can already bear fruit.
When planting, a large deepening should not be allowed, as this leads to slow development or death of the plant.
Repaired Polka is advantageous to grow in a one-year cycle, that is, with mowing of all shoots before winter. It has been proven that leaving the fruiting annual shoots for the next year to receive the first wave of berries from them leads to a decrease in the overall yield.
Polka is a variety of intensive growth, therefore, in order to get tasty and sweet berries, it needs to be provided with good nutrition.
Top dressing is done only in cloudy weather at the same time as watering!
Polka is a moisture-loving variety, so it needs regular watering, especially during dry periods. One bucket per week is enough for a bush, except for the time of the beginning of flowering and mass setting of berries, at which time the watering rate is doubled. Naturally, watering is reduced or completely stopped in rainy weather. For better water penetration into the soil, it is recommended to make grooves 10 cm deep along the trench; for the same purpose, instead of grooves, beads from the ground are organized. The next day after watering, the soil is lightly loosened to a depth of no more than 5–7 cm with weeds pruning.
In late autumn, one-year-old shoots of raspberries that have borne fruit are cut off at ground level and burned (if some of them are not used for breeding the variety). Places of cut bushes are mulched with humus, compost, peat with a layer of up to 10 cm. This, coupled with the snow cover, will protect the root system from severe freezing and give raspberry dressing in the spring.
Pruning is done at ground level
But in the spring, Polish farmers strongly recommend covering the plantings with light agrofibre with a density of 19-23 g / m2 after the snow cover melts. This operation kills two birds with one stone: the process of development of shoots is intensified and they are protected from recurrent spring frosts, Polka has insufficient frost resistance. After the shoots reach a height of 5–7 cm in cloudy weather, the agrofibre is removed.
It is not necessary to leave more than 7-9 replacement shoots on the bush - this will negatively affect the quality and quantity of berries, and the thickened bush will be more prone to fungal diseases. It is also necessary to regularly remove root suckers not used for propagation of the variety.
When the stems reach 80–100 cm in size, they can pinch the top, this is achieved by branching shoots and the appearance of additional fruit branches. The pinching is done before the raspberry begins to bloom.
Due to ambiguous opinions about the need for this operation, it is better to pinch only a few shoots and make a decision for the future based on the results of the experience.
By pinching, additional branching of the shoot is achieved
A site for planting cherries Revna should be chosen, remembering that the tree loves abundant sunlight and the south side, and in lowlands with cold air and close groundwater it will feel bad. Suitable soil is loam and sandy loam soil. It is worth planting cherries in early to mid-April, when the temperature has already risen above 0 ° C, but before the buds swell. If a seedling with a closed root system is purchased, it can be planted at any time, but not in extreme heat.
Cherries need open spaces on the south side of the garden
Pollinators are jealously needed, otherwise the yield will fluctuate within 5% of the possible. The best role in pollination will be played by such varieties as Tyutchevka, Ovstuzhenka, Iput, Raditsa. The distance between trees must be at least 3 m.
When buying a seedling in a nursery, you need to make sure that the roots and trunk are intact and well developed.
A seedling hole must be dug in advance
Mix the top layer of soil with 3 buckets of compost or humus, pour the mixture onto the bottom of the pit, forming a mound. You can add mineral fertilizers (especially if the soil is not very fertile) - 200 g of double superphosphate, 150 g of potassium sulfate.
At the bottom of the pit, you need to form a mound of fertilizers and the top layer of the earth
The first watering is done when part of the pit is filled with earth.
The earth is compacted a little so that there are no voids in the soil
I am definitely in favor of Polan. I have been growing for about 7 years. The "workhorse" of my site. Minimum care, maximum impact. A variety for "lazy summer residents", but no one canceled the normalization and feeding. It grows in the sun, the sugar tastes a little less than that of summer, the soil is sandy loam, the ripening time in our zone is the 2nd decade of August until the end of October. At the end of September-October, the berries are already noticeably sour - so it's autumn in the yard. Go to juice.
We grow Polan, he likes the variety. It amazes with its growth force and yield It grows, like all remontants, in the open sun, watering as needed. The berry tastes good, juicy with aroma, and the sugar is normal. When selling seedlings, we carry out tasting. We offer berries and other varieties for tasting. But seeing the yield of Polana and having tasted the berries, no one refused to purchase seedlings.
I first read about Polana at the Dacha Forum in the messages of Nedyalkov Stefan Fedorovich from Novopolotsk, Republic of Belarus. This year I planted 13 bushes, collected at least four buckets of berries (ten-liter). You need to plant at least 80 cm from each other, fruit twigs form almost from the ground. It doesn’t matter that it’s not very sweet. Sugar is indistinguishable from summer raspberries and the syrups are the same. It gives a lot of juice with a small amount of seeds. But he loves watering and humus. The main thing is that you do not need to bend down for the winter. Fruiting shoots should be cut in autumn or spring almost to the ground.
But the advantage of Polana is the lack of shedding.
Our remontant Polana begins to bear fruit only two weeks later than the summer one at a neighbor's.
Gardeners are unanimous in their appreciation of Polan's raspberries. The advantages of this variety are obvious. The only drawback is the sourness of the berries. But it is quite possible to put up with it by adding the missing sugar to the plate. Polana is especially appreciated by gardeners who grow berries for sale. A rare combination of beauty, purity and aroma attracts buyers, and this berry will never go unsold.