Nerine flower - care and maintenance: watering, transplanting, dormancy. Nerine species


Amaryllidaceae

Nerina, or nerina, got its name from the name of the nymph Nereis (nereids) from ancient Greek myth. Nerines are often referred to as "spider lilies" because of the shape of the petals. She is originally from South Africa, from the Cape of Good Hope. There are over 30 species of this genus. It has been in culture since the beginning of the last century. It is considered the most capricious representative of the amaryllis family, since it is very difficult to make it bloom.

Nerine flower

Bulbous plant, decorative flowering. One third of the bulb is on the surface of the soil, elongated, reaching 5 cm in length. Leaf plates, 30cm long and 2.5cm wide, form a false stem at the base. Leaves are linear, belt-like, shiny, grooved. A leafless peduncle up to 45 cm high is crowned with an umbrella of 6-12 flowers with strongly bent, twisted petals. The leaves appear either with the flowers or later, when the flowering is in full swing. Nerine blooms in autumn.

Nerine species

In culture, the most popular are Nerine bowdenii with narrow, pointed, sometimes wavy, pink or white petals and Nerine sarniensisblooming with white, red or orange flowers. Nerina Sarniyskaya gave many hybrids of remarkable beauty. Nerine curvifolia blooms with large red shiny lily-shaped flowers ..

Nerine maintenance and care

Nerine's weirdness is that she has two rest periods - in winter, after flowering, and in summer. Green leaves dry out only in spring, and new buds are laid all winter. At this time, the plant needs dry and cool air, not higher than 10 ° C, which is why it is so difficult to grow it in an apartment. If your window design allows, place nerine between the frames. An unheated but insulated loggia or a dry basement may be suitable. As a last resort, when the leaves are dry, remove them and place the flower pot on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. Till March.

In March, place the plant in the coolest, brightest spot. If it's + 5 ° C outside, feel free to put the flower on the balcony. From March to April, the bulb awakens, but already in the middle of summer the leaves begin to dry out again, and a second period of dormancy begins, which lasts until August. Therefore, from mid-July, it is necessary to gradually reduce watering in order to stop it altogether by the beginning of the dormant period. Nerine has been forcing since the end of August. Watch the color of the neck of the bulb: when it turns bronze, start watering and feeding.

During the growing season, especially in September-October, water nerine you need to regularly, in no case overmoistening the soil. Air humidity is minimal. Top dressing with a weak solution of complex fertilizers for flowering plants is applied during the growth period once every two weeks, and during the flowering period - once a week.

Do not replant nerine unless absolutely necessary, just change the topsoil. But if you still need a plant transplant, do not take a large pot, the optimal size is 11-13cm in diameter, even if there are two bulbs. Nerine bulbs love crowding. Perform the first transplant 3-4 years after planting at the beginning of the growing season, that is, at the end of summer. The substrate should be fertile, consisting of greenhouse soil, sand and bark. Leave a third of the onion on the surface. Water the nerine after transplanting very carefully so as not to flood the plant, and do not water more for three to four weeks before the flower stalks appear.

Nerina can suffer from mealybugs, root bulb mites and scale insects. Be careful with the plant: all parts of the nerine are poisonous. Nerine reproduces seeds and daughter bulbs. Plants grown from seeds will bloom very soon, and this is a troublesome business, so it is better to propagate nerina with children. In the spring, when transplanting, separate the children and plant them separately, so that after three years you can admire the beautiful flowering of nerine.

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Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Bulb flowers Amaryllidaceae


Nerine (nerina)

The bulbous plant Nerine is a member of the Amaryllidaceae family. This genus unites about 30 different species. This bulbous ornamental perennial plant is found naturally in South Africa, as well as in its tropical zones. In regions with a cool climate, such a culture is grown on terraces or indoors. And in areas with a relatively warm climate, it is grown outdoors throughout the year. Such a plant blooms in the first half of the autumn period. Peduncle with inflorescences and foliage grow at the same time. The length of the peduncle is about 50 cm. The dark green leaf plates are narrow and long. Funnel-shaped flowers are collected in several pieces in umbrellas. The color of the flowers is white, pink, red or orange.


Planting Nerine Bowden and caring for the plant

Nerine belongs to the amaryllis family. Its wild habitat is the southern tip of Africa. In Europe, the plant began to be bred a century ago. The flower has over 30 varieties.

The most common is Bowden's nerine. Its bulbs were brought to Europe by Cornish Bowden, by whose last name the flower began to be called. This is the most difficult representative of amaryllis crops from the point of view of agrotechnical care.

An exotic African plant has several names that reflect its unusual appearance, attractive flowers, geography of origin:

  • nerine ("flower of a nymph")
  • cape flower (in honor of their homeland)
  • lily of Guernsey (in honor of the British island, where the introduction of cultural floriculture began)
  • lily - Japanese spider (for the external resemblance of a flower to an insect).

Nerine is a perennial plant. In indoor floriculture, the Bowden variety is most often grown.

Nerine Bowdena is the most cold-resistant of all crops. It has pale pink twisted petals that give the plant an unusual look. Nerine bowdenii blooms in late autumn, later than other amaryllis. The inflorescences retain their freshness for a long time, so they are successfully used when drawing up winter bouquets.

The vegetative part of the plant differs little from other amaryllis crops:

  • The rhizome resembles an elongated bulb. It can grow up to 5 cm.
  • Dense glossy leaves have a linear shape, grow together at the base. Their length can reach 30 cm, width - 2.5 cm. Color - dark green.
  • The growers call the elastic smooth shoot a "naked woman". It can stretch up to 0.5–0.6 m in height. Usually, two peduncles appear on one plant at once.

At the top of the stem, there is a large umbrella-shaped inflorescence that unites up to 15 flowers. In diameter, it reaches 20-25 cm. The flowers are large, with six narrow petals, their ends are bent outward. Flower corollas open in September - November. The flowering period lasts about 20 days. At the end of flowering, a fruit-box with seeds is formed.

Nerine Bowdena is a poisonous plant. When working with it, you need to be extremely careful.

The Cape lily in their homeland is accustomed to the conditions of the tropical climate, which is characterized by high air humidity and temperature. In the temperate zone, it is cultivated as a house pot plant. Landing in open ground is not recommended. An exception is the Black Sea coast, where Bowden's nerine can take root in a garden in a well-lit area.

The plant should be watered systematically, while avoiding waterlogging. From the accumulation of excess moisture in the soil, the bulbs begin to rot, which leads to the death of the plant.

The nymph flower is sensitive to temperature changes. At different stages of vegetative development, he needs a different temperature regime:

  • during the rest period (from May to August) - +23 +25 ° C
  • after the end of flowering (from January to March) - +8 +10 ° C.

A feature of the vegetation of nerine is the passage of two periods of rest. The first occurs after flowering and occurs in the winter months. The plant stops growing and developing, gradually the leaves and stem dry up. They should not be removed manually. They must fall away on their own. The bulb remaining in the ground is moved to a cool, bright room (to a glazed terrace, veranda, balcony). Keeping a cape lily warm will most likely not produce a flower stalk the next year.

At the beginning of March, the pot is exposed to the window. Nerine begins the growing season, leaves grow, but without a peduncle. From the middle of summer, the nymph flower again falls into suspended animation to gain strength before flowering.

In early autumn, a set of agrotechnical measures is carried out:

  • increase watering of the bulb
  • a layer of fresh earth is poured
  • feed the plant.

During the active flowering phase, it is important to properly distribute moisture when watering. Drying out or waterlogging of the soil must not be allowed. When nerine does not bloom, then it is not watered.

Fertilization also differs from season to season. During flowering, complex fertilizers are added weekly. In winter, the plant is fertilized monthly. With the onset of heat, feeding is stopped.

Cape lily is often attacked by pests:

  • leaves and flowers can ruin mealybugs and scale insects
  • bulb - root bulb mite.

For the prevention and control of harmful insects, the green part of the plant is treated with a solution of fungicides.

Nerine bowdenii can be propagated in two ways - by seeds and bulbs.

Sowing ripe seeds is carried out as follows:

  • Fertile soil is poured into the container.
  • For better germination, the seeds are mixed with prepared soil and sand, well moistened.
  • To create a "greenhouse effect" the pot or container is covered with plastic wrap. The temperature in the room where the sowing takes place must be at least +22 ° C.
  • Every day, the container is opened for watering and airing.

After about three weeks, seedlings appear on the surface of the soil. Since that time, they are no longer closed. When two leaves are formed, the seedlings are planted in small pots. During the first three years, plants do not need a period of winter dormancy.

Growing a plant from seeds is a difficult and time-consuming business. In most cases, a different method of planting nerine is used. The plant is propagated with baby bulbs that grow around the mother's main bulb. They should be:

  • separate neatly
  • plant in pots two by two.

The container is chosen small. A drainage layer is poured at the bottom and a hole is made to drain excess water. When planting, the top of the bulb is left unsprayed. With good care, Nerine bowdenii will flower in 2-3 years.

At home, the nymph flower is recommended to be transplanted annually, since the overgrowth of the root system reduces the likelihood of flowering.


Nerine breeding tips

The "nymph flower" rests for about 60 days. Once a year, the flower bulbs are transplanted. Propagated to Nerina by daughter bulbs, born from the bulb - mother. In June and July, bulbs are planted in a prepared container with a substrate, leaving the top a little above the soil surface. The container with the onion should be in a cool place. At the same time, watering is carried out. The bulbous roots are cut twice a year so that the flower does not waste its energy on the formation of the root system. Every year, during the dormant period of Nerina, large bulbs need to be transplanted, separating daughter bulbs from them so that an extensive root mass does not grow, and the plant blooms regularly. Daughter children grow up. In the third year, when the circumference of the bulb reaches approximately 12-15 centimeters, the plant blooms. It is possible to propagate the "Nymph Flower" by sowing seeds, but, as a rule, this is a very painstaking business and it does not bring good results. Nerine grown in this way does not bloom for a very long time.


Difficulties in care and possible problems

Plant care is not as troublesome as it seems. But, of course, problems can arise. For example, wilting of leaves, as well as their yellowing, can be attributed to such problems. If only one or two leaves on the plant turn yellow, this is normal.

If the leaves turn yellow just massively, and even more so if brown spots appear on the leaves, you need to start taking action. This condition can be caused by hypothermia, as well as overdrying or overflow of eucharis. First you need to examine the roots and remove those that are rotten or damaged. Then transplant the plant into fresh soil and place it away from bright light. You rarely need to water.

If the roots on examination turn out to be healthy and without visible damage, then the task is simplified. You just need to remove the leaves that have turned yellow. You should not postpone solving this problem and wait for its own solution. The Amazon lily or eucharis can easily die completely. In both the first and second cases, you need to find the cause of the poor condition of the plant and eliminate it as soon as possible.


Nerine transplant

In the absence of an urgent need (illness, fall, etc.), a planned transplant is carried out after 4-5 years. Due to the special life cycle of nerina, it should not be done in the spring, as usual, at the end of summer, by the time the plant is ready to come out of dormancy. It is recommended to use ready-made soil for decorative flowering indoor crops. If it is compiled by hand, then preference should be given to a sand-humus mixture with the addition of sod land. A drainage layer is necessarily provided in the bottom of the pot.


Flowers at home. Detail planting, leaving Nerine flowers

This is a herbaceous plant of the amaryllis family, the genus has about 30 species, native to South Africa. The flowers of the plant are bright pink with petals bent back, collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences. Leaves are linear, belt-like. First
a flower arrow appears, and then leaves.

Perennial nerine flowers are grown mainly as indoor flowers. Only in areas where the temperature in winter does not drop below 7-10 C, flowers can be planted in open ground on the site as garden flowers.

Flowers bloom in autumn in September - November. In winter, they grow bulbs and leaves. Summer is a dormant period.

It is best to plant Nerine bulbs in the month of August. The soil in the pot should consist of a mixture of humus, garden soil, rotten leaves and coarse
sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. The bulbs must be planted in the ground so that the top sticks out of the ground.

Flowers are transplanted to Nerina once every 3-4 years. In between, it is enough to replace the top layer in August.

The plant loves a well-lit place. Watering during flowering should be limited. It is enough to keep the soil moist. Excessive watering can cause the bulb to rot. After flowering in winter, it is advisable to keep the flower at a temperature of about 10 C under bright light in order to ensure the growth of the bulbs and the formation of flower buds on them.

In the spring, watering should be reduced. In May, the leaves of the plant will turn yellow. Watering by this time must be stopped. From May to early August, the flower will be dormant. During this period, it should be kept at a temperature of about 25 C, not watered. In early August, the bulb will begin to wake up. Watering will need to be resumed again.

During the flowering period, nerine flowers must be fed with liquid complex fertilizer, gradually adding it to the water for irrigation. This should be done once every 15-20 days.

The best way to propagate a flower is by dividing the bulb.To do this, when transplanting from the main bulb, it is necessary to separate the children and transplant
them in separate pots.

The most famous and hardy plant species is Nerine bowendenii with shiny green leaves, stems up to 60 cm tall and long funnel-shaped inflorescences. The species Nerine flexuosa and Nerine undulate are beautiful but difficult to grow. Nerine sarniensis species is bred
relatively simple, reaches a height of 60 cm, flowers are red-cream, blooms from September to October.


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